15 octobre 2019

RESSOURCES Liens : historique, informations, partitions gratuites, CDs, bibliographie, films archives...Internet links, free scores, history, archives

Klezmorim en Galicie - 1912
YIVO Archives, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research -New York.
"Mon but est de ne pas laisser la musique klezmer dans les musées, mais de créer."
"My goal is not to let the music in museums, but to create."
David Krakauer

KLEZMER, C'EST QUOI ? What is klezmer ?

♦ Le site genevois de Michel Borzykowski, référence en la matière.
En français http://borzykowski.users.ch/MCKlezmer.htm
In English http://borzykowski.users.ch/EnglMCKlezmer.htm

♦ "Histoire du klezmer" par Hervé Roten et Denis Cuniot

♦ Conférence sur la musique klezmer - Denis Cuniot - Vidéo

♦ Articles about klezmer music by Josh Horowitz  In English

♦ En español Historia de la música klezmer

♦ In English Social history of the klezmorim by Walter Zev Feldman (Professor of Musicology USA/Israel)


♦"La musique tsigane : des mythes et des réalités" - Dossier à télécharger à l'adresse : http://www.cmtra.org/IMG/pdf_dossier_l65.pdf

♦ "Tous aux Balkans" partitions, fichiers sonores, paroles, traductions, vidéos... http://www.tousauxbalkans.net/Accueil
Ecoute en ligne http://www.balkanophonie.org/spip.php?page=musique et

PARTITIONS KLEZMER & BALKAN GRATUITES Free Klezmer and Balkan sheet music - Klezmer scores

♦ http://www.schoellerfamily.org/scores/
On y trouve les partitions suivantes : Abi Gezunt - Ale Brider - Der Alter Tsigayner - Artsa Alinu - Bay a Glezele Mashke - Bay Mir Bistu Sheyn - Baym Rebn in Palestina - Bolter Bulgar - Bulgar 17 - Flatbush Waltz -Freylekhs 2 (K. 1-2) - Freylekhs 4 (K. 1-4) - Freylekhs 5 (K. 1-5) - Freylekhs 9 (K. 1-9) - Freylekhs in Cm - Freylekhs in Dm - Freylekhs Medley - Fun Der Khupe (K. 1-3) - Rumenye, Rumenye...

♦ Nombreuses partitions et fichiers MIDI : http://www.freesheetmusic.net/klezmer.html
Russian Freilach, A nacht in gan eydn, Oif’n Pripetshok, Di grine kusine, Dona dona, Di Goldene Chasene, Der Yid in Yerusholayim, Bei mir bistu shein, Arum dem fayer, Araber tanz, Siman Tov, Flatbush Waltz, Shalom Aleichem, Odessa Bulgarish,...

♦ Site allemand avec fichiers MIDI et partitions : http://www.klezmer.de/Noten/noten.html Firen Di Mekhutonim Aheym, Ershter Vals, Klezmeron, L'Chaim, Naphtaly's Freilach, Meron Nign, Araber Tanz, Lebedikh un Freylekh, etc.

Une collection de partitions pour instruments en do et si mineur :

♦ Site en anglais   http://clarinet-klezmer.com/Free-Klezmer-Scores.html

♦ Des "perles" du tout début du XXe siècle sur le site de l'Université Brown à Providence (Rhode Island), USA. http://dl.lib.brown.edu/sheetmusic/yiddish/ Cliquer sur "browse" .

Transcription musicale des enregistrements du Belf's Romanian Orchestra (1912-1914)

♦ Autres partitions :
-A télécharger sur le site du groupe A M'Chayeh http://www.amchayeh.com/Bladmuziek.htm
-Quelques morceaux parmi ceux du répertoire du groupe lyonnais Zemer Vekinor http://zemervekinor.free.fr/partitions.htm

PARTITIONS PAYANTES   Sheet music books





-"The Essential Klezmer: A Music Lover's Guide to Jewish Roots and Soul Music, from the Old World to the Jazz Age to the Downtown Avant Garde" Seth Rogovoy.

-"The Book of Klezmer : The History, the Music, the Folklore - From the 14th Century to the 21st" Yale Strom. (A Cappella Books)

-"Klezmer! Jewish Music From Old World to Our World" Henry Sapoznik (livre et CD).

-"The Compleat Klezmer" Henry Sapoznik & Pete Sokolow.

-"American Klezmer : Its Roots and Offshoots" Mark Slobin. http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/8907.php

-"Musique et traditions ashkénazes" Stella-Sarah Roy- L'Harmattan 2002.

- "Klezmer Music, History, and Memory" by Walter Zev Feldman - Oxford University Press 2016

Pour une bibliographie très complète http://borzykowski.users.ch/MCBiblio.htm

RADIO, PODCAST, ARCHIVES SONORES Radio broadcasting, podcast, sound data base 

♦ Klezmer attitude sur RJL (Radio Judaïca Lyon), l'émission très documentée d'Edmond Ghrenassia, fondateur du groupe Zemer Vekinor - Ecoute et podcast  http://zemervekinor.free.fr/rss3.xml

♦ Concerts enregistrés au Festival KlezMORE de Wien - Lecture en streaming http://www.emap.fm/klezmore.html

♦ The Judaica Sound Archives is a major center for the collection, preservation and digitization of Judaica audio recordings. The JSA is located in the Wimberly Library on Florida Atlantic University's Boca Raton campus. Go to http://faujsa.fau.edu/jsa/participating_performers.php then click on "Album Tracks", as "genre" enter "Klezmer". Abi Gesunt, Bulgar In Bb Major, Hora and Onions, Raisins and Almonds, Roumanian Hora and Bulgar, Bei Mir Bist Du Schoen, Abi Gezunt, Der Heyser Bulgar Tarras' Freilach, Araber Tants, Tumbalalaika, Di Goldene khasene, Russian Sher, Gasn Nign, Dobriden…

♦ Archives de Radio Sefarad (en espagnol). Ecoute en ligne d'émissions sur de nombreux groupes klezmer internationaux. Une mine ! http://www2.radiosefarad.com/Buscador.php A l'ouverture de la page, dérouler à droite le menu "Sección" et sélectionner "Musica klezmer", puis cliquer sur "Buscar".
http://www2.radiosefarad.com/html/modules.php?name=Stories_Archive  dans la fenêtre taper "Klezmer" puis cliquer sur "Buscar".


♦ Archives de Balagan Box sur Radio Shalom http://www.jumu.fr/pages/balagan_box_jumu.html

FILMS Movies

Directed by Yale Strom; in English, Yiddish and Polish, with English subtitles ; produced by Elizabeth Schwartz ; released by Castle Hill Productions. 85 minutes. 2003 - Exclusively at Laemmle's Music Hall, 9036 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, (310) 274-6869.
This film is Strom’s contribution to a rich career blending musical and cinematic achievements. The subject : Americans visiting Poland.
“Klezmer on Fish Street” is a kaleidoscopic exploration of a new and paradoxical development - the resurgence of Yiddish culture in a country where the Jewish community was decimated. Strom chronicles what he has termed “cultural philo-Semitism” by and for non-Jews.
Klezmer on Fish Street” embraces the new expansiveness of Poland vis-à-vis Judaism. Strom shot much of the film during the Jewish Culture Festival in Krakow, where klezmer musicians have large and enthusiastic audiences (with hardly any Jews on either side of the stage). The film raises the question of whether Jewish culture can exist without Jews - or, more precisely, without Jewish faith.
One of the narrative frames is a confrontation in Krakow’s square on a Saturday night between the young Jewish American visitors singing and dancing, and a few Poles who complain because it’s past the time that loud public gatherings are permitted. The nice policemen are stuck - confused and restrained -as the youngsters refuse to disperse.
An intermediary is found in Alta, a Holocaust survivor who is the Klezmaniacs lead singer’s grandmother. Strom follows her own return to Bedzin, whose Fish Street informs the film’s title. Thanks to visitors like Alta and the Klezmaniacs, Klezmer music is heard there once again. Musically speaking, the flame of Judaism has not died in Poland, a country where so much of Jewish culture - including chasidic melodies and Yiddish poetry - was born. We see, for example, a concert of the enthralling Polish klezmer group “Kroke” in the rain : A high-angle shot shows their audience as a vast sea of umbrellas, visually invoking giant yarmulkes (kippas in French).
Strom keeps returning to two images : the silhouette of a man playing a violin in a field, suggesting that Yiddish music is merely a shadow of its pre-Holocaust vitality, and the nighttime Krakow confrontation, where cries of “Stop shooting” take on double resonance. “Why don’t you go back to Israel?” one Polish gentile asks a Polish-Jewish woman who left her native land in 1968 because of government-instigated antisemitism. In addition, interviews, concert footage and Alta’s rueful ruminations make the film jump, in a sense, from Holocaust shadows to the light of present-day celebration.
“Klezmer on Fish Street” is an effective film that - while chronicling and contributing to the return of Jewish life in Poland - questions whether antisemitism has really disappeared there.
Based on Annette Insdorf, director of undergraduate film studies at Columbia University, author of “Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust". January 2004.

Directed by Yale Strom – Produced by Duna TV (Hungary) and Starcrest Films(Frankfurt, Germany). 2005 - 58 minutes.
“A Man From Munkács: Gypsy Klezmer explores the symbiotic relationship between the Rom and Jews who lived together before and after World War Two in the Carpathian region. Before the Holocaust there, whenever there was a Jewish celebration (e.g., a wedding, Purim festivities, dance etc.), most of the time the klezmer musicians were not Jews but Rom. In fact, the Rom had played with and for Jews for so many years that some of them spoke a fluent Yiddish. The film examines how this persecuted group (the Rom) saved Jewish folk music until it could be returned to the Jews. We learn about Gyula Galombosi, a Rom virtuoso violinist who traveled throughout the Soviet Union playing classical, Rom, Russian and klezmer music until his death in1986. His hometown was Munkács and in this hometown lived the Jakubowicz family. Ferenc (Feri) Jakubowicz was the first Jewish child born after the Holocaust in Munkács, which was cause for great celebration - Jewish life was being renewed.
During Feri’s birth, Galombosi and his fellow musicians played klezmer music on the street below the apartment. Feri was told this story by his father years later, which caused him to be more curious about klezmer. Feri and Gyula became good friends. Feri, a pianist, learned many great klezmer tunes from Gyula. When Feri and his family immigrated to Budapest in 1979, Feri played music with a local opera company. In the film, Feri shares his initial ambivalence about publicly announcing his Jewishness and his love of klezmer to the gentile world. But in 1990, he formed the first klezmer band in Hungary since the 1920’s, “The Budapest Klezmer Band” and taught the tunes he had learned from Galombosi to the rest of his band, who were not Jewish. On camera, Feri gradually remembers a Munkatsher tune his uncle use to sing to him when he was a young boy. This tune, “The Munkatsher Nign” provides a musical motif throughout the film, as it is interpreted by various Rom and Jewish musicians. Through Feri and Galombosi’s stories, we will trace the rebirth of Jewish music in Hungary today”.
By Yale Strom
For more information about this film, please contact yitztyco@aol.com

THE LAST KLEZMER : Leopold Kozlowski, his life and music
Directed by Yale Strom - Elisabeth Schwartz Production, 1994. 84 minutes

Summary :
Yale Strom (violin, composer, filmmaker, writer, photographer, playwright) is a pioneer among revivalists in conducting extensive field research in Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans among the Jewish and Rom communities. Strom's documentary film is about the last klezmer to have grown up in the tradition and who is still performing and teaching his art to mostly gentiles in Poland today. Leopold takes a trip back to his hometown of Prezmyslany, Ukraine for the first time since 1945 and shows Yale what life was like for a klezmer before WWII. Along the way we meet a friend of Leopold's and learn how they both survived the war.

Available on 16mm & video from New Yorker films - http://www.yalestrom.com/films.html
Portrait in this website http://zikanina.blogspot.fr/2013/02/leopold-kozlowski.html

DU SHTETL A BROADWAY, une odyssée musicale. Réalisation : Fabienne Rousso-Lenoir- Coproduction : ARTE France, Artline Films, Lobster Films, Thirteen / WNET New York, WETA Washington, D.C. Avec le soutien de la Fondation Meyer pour le développement culturel et artistique, la Fondation Rothschild – Institut Alain de Rothschild. 2005 - 57 mn
Du klezmer au jazz, des shtetls du vieux monde yiddish aux lumières de Broadway, ce documentaire rend compte de l’influence décisive des immigrants juifs sur la création musicale américaine dans la première moitié du XXe siècle. Une aventure musicale exceptionnelle avec Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, Benny Goodman, Richard Rogers, Larry Hart, Al Jolson, Sophie Tucker, Fanny Brice, Molly Picon, Eddie Cantor, Abraham Goldfaden, Artie Shaw, les Marx Brothers…
Entre 1880 et 1914, chassés par les pogroms et la pauvreté, deux millions cinq cent mille juifs émigrent aux États-Unis. Sur cette terre inconnue dont ils ignorent la langue, la musique sera leur plus sûr moyen de communication. A mesure que l’Amérique commence à intégrer ces nouveaux arrivants, la musique et la chanson populaire juive-américaine, à travers les spectacles qu’elles vont engendrer, forgeront l’identité culturelle de l’Amérique moderne.
L’Amérique que les juifs découvrent en débarquant à Ellis Island n’est pourtant pas la Terre Promise, accueillante et égalitaire, dont ils ont rêvé. Légalement ouverte aux immigrants, elle leur reste socialement fermée. Mais pour eux, aucun retour en arrière n’est possible. Leur seule voie est celle de l’intégration.
Portés sur les ailes de leur désir, les enfants du ghetto vont bâtir de toutes pièces leur rêve américain. Ce rêve d’un pays idéal, d’une communauté où tous existent à chances égales, les artistes et musiciens juifs le projettent sans relâche sur les pages des partitions, sur les scènes de théâtre, sur les écrans de cinéma. Dans une société marquée par la ségrégation, ils deviendront les passeurs du jazz noir vers le monde blanc. Cette rencontre entre les deux univers sera déterminante et donnera naissance aux formes particulières de la musique populaire américaine.

Conçu et réalisé à la façon d’une comédie musicale, "Du Shtetl à Broadway", utilise différentes sources d’archives filmées de 1896 à 1940 – comédies musicales américaines et yiddish, courts-métrages musicaux, dont les premiers Vitaphones des années 30, dessins animés, dont les premiers Betty Boop, documentaires du cinéma américain indépendant des années 20 à 40, films d’amateurs. Ces archives, dont certaines ne sont pas sorties de leurs boîtes depuis 70 ans, ont été rarement vues et sont peu connues du grand public. De même, la bande son du film intègre de nombreux enregistrements historiques.

Director: Radu Gabrea - Production : Total TV Bucharest - - Romanian, English Subtitles - 2006 - 50 min
Romanian director Radu Gabrea goes to New York to delve into a specific aspect of Klezmer music, namely the Romanian Doina. Without wasting time on unnecessary exposition about the history of Jewish immigrations from Eastern Europe and so on, Gabrea dives right into the issue and spins a thesis that vindicates this lyrical, melancholy and even bluesy strain of Klezmer.
Through interviews with musicians and experts in the field, including Yale Strom and Elisabeth Schwartz, he explores the mutual influences between Romanian, gypsy, and Jewish music in the old country, the similarities between the Romanian Doina (a sort of lament inspired by the songs of Romanian shepherds), as well as the authentic Jewish nature of the Klezmer Doina stemming from the musical modes known from the synagogue and cantorial music. Alongside the enlightening scholarly analysis, live performances bring the music and film to life.

GOLDFADEN'S LEGACY Director: Radu Gabrea - Production: Total TV Bucharest - Editing : Melania Oproiu - Romanian, English subtitles - 2007 - 58 min
Summary :
126 years ago, Avram Goldfaden founded in the north of Romania, at Iasi, the capital of Moldavia (Romania), whose population was over 50% Jewish, the first professional Jewish theatre. At his death in 1980 in New York, some 70 000 New Yorkers participated at the funeral procession, blocking all traffic in Manhattan in order to pay their last respect to the “Shakespeare of the Jewish people” The film describes Goldfaden’s journey from Iasi to New York via Odessa and Sankt Petersburg, and will bring into the present and exceptional personality of the Jewish culture, active throughput the world; it will, at the same time, highlight the short-lived cultural relations between the Romanians and the local Jewish population.

Goldfaden's legacy is a musical romp through the history of Yiddish Theater. From the wine cellars of Rumania to the Broadway stage, this feature documentary is a celebration of the music of Yiddish Theater, its role in the Jewish-American experience and its amazing influence on American popular culture. Our guide on this musical journey will be Zalmen Mlotek, an internationally recognized authority on Yiddish folk and theater music. Raised in a prominently Yiddish-speaking family renowned for their Jewish songbook collections, he has been an innovative force in bringing contemporary Yiddish musical theater pieces to communities worldwide. He is the Artistic Director of the Folksbiene Yiddish Theater (http://www.folksbiene.org/) the oldest venue for Yiddish theater in the world, founded in 1915.

Poland, 1936, 92 minutes, DVD. Yiddish w/ – Restoration with new English subtitles
Directed by Joseph Green and Jan Nowina-Przybylski
Summary :
Director Green returned to his native Poland from America to produce this film, the most commercially successful musical in the history of the Yiddish cinema, starring Molly Picon, consummate comedienne of Yiddish theater, vaudeville, and film. This is the classic folk comedy about a man and his daughter who, penniless, decide to become travelling musicians. The daughter disguises herself as a boy to relieve her father's anxiety about unforseeable problems that could befall a young woman "out in the world." They then join together with "another" father-son duo for music, comedy and romance.
Green's original screenplay was enhanced by the folksy lyrics of Yiddish poet Itzik Manger and the memorable musical score of Abraham Ellstein, as well as the talents of Leon Leibold, the romantic lead who later starred in The Dybbuk and Tevye, and Max Bozyk, a character actor par excellence.
Breaking away from the studio-bound cinematography of the early Yiddish talkies, the film was shot on location in the picturesque town of Kazimierz and nearby Warsaw. With shtetl inhabitants as extras, the film captures the vitality and invincible spirit of traditional small town Jewish life.

Available at http://www.brandeis.edu/jewishfilm/Catalogue/films/yiddle.htm

Documentaire de Thomas Bouët - Production Trabouloscope 2012 - 40 min. 2012, DV, 4/3
Musique du trailer : Lerner Moguilevsky Dúo
Sommaire :
Le klezmer, incarné par des artistes comme David Krakauer ou SoCalled est aujourd’hui réinventé par les petits-enfants de l’immigration qui le nourrissent de toutes leurs influences.Qu’ils partagent leur émotion au son d’un violon, ou la laissent exploser sur des platines, découvrez, en Argentine, six d’entre-eux qui offrent à cette musique une nouvelle liberté, celle de s’exprimer au présent.

Film disponible à la diffusion accompagné d’une rencontre avec le réalisateur.  

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